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The city of Ballarat is built on the site of a former stock station named Ballarat (originally under the spelling Ballaarat), which is derived from the language of the Aboriginal Wathurung tribe, meaning 'resting place'.

Ballarat was the scene of Australia's only civil uprising, the Eureka Rebellion, in 1854. The Rebellion culminated in the storming of the Stockade on December 3 by government troops and have left a legacy for all Australians. Eureka (and the southern cross Eureka flag) has come to symbolise for fairness and a fair go for all, and Ballarat has come to be known as the birthplace of the Australian spirit.

Ballarat has the biggest concentration of statues in any Australian city. There are many parks and streets featuring sculptures and statues dating from the 1860s to the present day. Reminders of Ballarat's Gold Rush days remain evident in the beautiful Victorian architecture.

From its past as a mining town, Ballarat has reinvented itself into a popular tourist destination. Sovereign Hill, a historical "theme park" is a popular destination.

The Welcome Stranger - the world's largest alluvial gold nugget weighing approximately 70 kilograms was discovered in Ballarat.



  • The third largest city and the largest inland city in Victoria
  • 105 kilometres north-west of Melbourne
  • Population 85,000

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